Himachal Dental


Good Oral Hygiene

Maintaining a good standard of oral hygiene is crucial in the war against tooth decay and gum disease. Just a few minutes of brushing and flossing each day could save you a lifetime of costly and painful dental treatment.

When it comes to oral hygiene, prevention really is better than cure. Dental problems are very easy to prevent but often very difficult to cure. Dentists recommend that patients brush their teeth twice a day for three minutes using an appropriate brush and toothpaste. This helps to prevent the build up of plaque on the tooth enamel. Plaque is a filmy substance made up of bacteria, decaying food particles and other debris. It breaks down the enamel causing cavities to develop, which if left unchecked will eventually penetrate to the root of the tooth causing toothache, abscesses and even tooth loss.

Flossing helps to remove plaque from between the teeth which is very hard for regular toothbrushes to reach. It allows you to clean below the gum line which is also hard to clean with a normal brush. This can be significant in the prevention of gingivitis, or gum disease as it is more commonly known.

Brushing and flossing are the front line defence against all forms of dental decay and disease and their importance cannot be underestimated. However, it is important, no matter how much of a fervent brusher you are, to keep up six-monthly check-ups with the dentist. Even patients with good standards of cleaning are susceptible to tooth decay, and a dentist will be able to spot the first signs of any problems.

Keeping teeth and gums clean can also have the added advantage of keeping your breath fresh. Flossing removes trapped food particles from between the teeth which are the cause for over 90 per cent of all cases of halitosis. Using tongue cleaners and inter-dental brushes can also help to keep your mouth free of bacteria. Your dentist will be able to offer you advice on which brushes are most suitable for your teeth and give further instruction on the best methods of maintaining good oral hygiene.By making these few small sacrifices and tying it together with the all important six-monthly check ups with a your dentist you can help to prevent any future dental concerns. An extra few minutes each day to maintain dental hygiene is a small price to pay for a life free of the pain and worry caused by dental disease.

Dental Caries In India

Posted in Preventive Dentistry by UK Dental Tourism on December 28, 2009
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Teeth are essentially indestructible under the correct conditions. However, in the living person, teeth are continuously being assaulted by microbial challenges. Dental caries ranks as one of the most universal burdens of man, but are not life- threatening. Dental caries is widespread in India. Advances in preventive procedures to deal with this disease have significantly reduced the overall caries rate. More than one-third of poor 2 – 9 year old children have untreated decayed primary teeth, and this number varies with age and race/ethnicity.Dental caries is highly prevalent in India, which is influenced by the lack of dental awareness among the public at large.

Dental caries is a multi-factorial disease requiring a susceptible host (a tooth), cariogenic microorganisms, and a suitable substrate (e.g., sugar) interacting for a sufficient length of time. Streptococcus mutans is the primary etiologic agent of this disease. Sm is transmissible, and a positive relationship exists between the number of Sm and dental caries. Dental decay did not become an important health problem until sucrose (sugar) became a major component of the human diet. However, good oral hygiene can reduce the chance of caries by reducing the number of cariogenic bacteria and removing the substrate, sugar. Sm is the primary etiological agent of dental caries in man and other animals. Under normal circumstances of health, Sm procduces bacterial acids that cause a continuous minute demineralization of the hard tooth surfaces. In addition, the consumption of acidic foods and drinks, and even toothbrush abrasion can cause enamel demineralization. If this demineralization is limited, the body’s own remineralization capability is able to restore the tooth’s lost minerals by using minerals available in saliva.

Dental decay (caries) is the result of irreversible solubilization (demineralization) of tooth mineral by acid, predominantly lactic acid, formed by plaque bacteria that adhere to teeth surfaces, after the consumption of foods that contain fermentable carbohydrates (sugar). Frequent sucrose ingestion increases the lengths of time that sucrose is available for fermentation and acid formation by plaque. Thus, eating frequency, the amount of sugar retained in the mouth (particularly on tooth surfaces), and the length of time that sugar is retained in critical areas, are more important than the total amount of sugars consumed.
The chemical conversion of sugar into simpler substances causes a quick decrease in pH (5.0 or <) at the plaque-enamel junction. Frequently consuming sugar or sugar-based foods causes Sm to flourish and become the principal bacterial organism in plaque. A drop of pH to this level puts undue pressure on the buffers in the saliva and lactic acid (the end-product of Sm metabolism) spreads into the outer layer of the tooth (i.e., enamel) causing it to begin breaking down, and to discharge calcium and phosphate ions at areas below the top surface enamel. This low (acid) pH is derived from acid-producing bacterial organisms, and favors demineralization over a period of time, resulting in a cavity. The tooth enamel (which is made up predominantly of hydroxyapatite) is permanently dissolved from these acids, particularly lactic acid. These bacteria begin to adhere more strongly to the tooth surface and form bacterial colonies or communities called “plaque”. Sm and other bacteria, such as lactobacilli, store sugars and continue to secrete acid long after the food has been swallowed. Dental plaque will continue to build up on the tooth surface, unless it is adequately removed. These processes result in dental decay.

The quest to control or eradicate dental caries has been on for a long time. Treatment of dental caries involves restorative or pulp therapy which is not only expensive but also painful and demanding for the children. Considering these factors prevention of caries seems to the most acceptable and desirable option.Proper dental care starts with selecting a good tooth brush. Start the process by selecting a soft-bristle brush to remove plaque and food particles. This is very important as this is where the tooth decaying bacteria thrive. There are many varieties of brushes available in the market. Try to replace your brush every two to three months. The tooth paste you use also matters a lot in your dental care. Depending on the condition of your teeth there are many kinds of tooth pastes available in the market. There are tooth paste for cavities, gingivitis, tartar, stained teeth and sensitivity.Proper brushing will cost you only two minutes.

Get Rid Of Dental Calculus

Calculus is a form of hardened Dental plaque and is synonymous with tartar. It is caused by the continual accumulation of minerals from saliva on plaque on the teeth. Its rough surface provides an ideal medium for further plaque formation, threatening the health of the gingiva. The initial deposition hardens the plaque surface which makes it an ideal substrate to further development of the dental calculus.Plaque accumulation causes the gingiva to become irritated and inflamed, and this is referred to as gingivitis. When the gingiva become so irritated that there is a loss of the connective tissue fibers that attach the gums to the teeth and bone that surrounds the tooth, this is known as periodontitis. Because dental plaque is the sole cause of periodontitis, it is referred to as the primary aetiology. Plaque that remains in the oral cavity long enough will eventually calcify and become calculus.

Brushing and flossing will help you if the calculus is in its formative stages. But a more serious condition requires their removal by the use of ultrasonic waves and sharpened tools which is why it is always better to visit your dentist irrespective of the degree of the problem. Initial stages of dental calculus are generally found to be removed by routine brushing and flossing but there have been cases wherein the gums have been inflicted with further damage when the individual was trying to get rid of the calculus himself. A layman will not be able to determine whether the calculus is rudimentary or well developed and hence it is always suggested to visit the dentist.

The dentist will examine your condition and then suggest the best possible solution. It is not always that you will have to go for ultrasonic treatment and if the problem is small the dentist himself will not opt for specialized treatment. The bottom line is that good oral care is very important if you want your teeth and gums to be problem free. Dental care costs far cheaper than curing a dental problem and hence the decision is to be taken by you whether you want to be going through the process of treatment.

Regular brushing and flossing along with regular dental checkups are all that is required to prevent dental problems. So don’t wait any longer. Go fix an appointment with your dentist now.

Healthy Food For Teeth

Just as eating the right food is good for your general well being, it can also be good for your oral hygiene. Educating children and teenagers about the right foods to eat can help develop beneficial eating habits for the rest of their lives. There are some obvious choices about what to eat and what to avoid but it really can make a huge difference and help prevent a future of dental problems.

The foods that you eat will all come into contact with the 400 million or so bacteria that live in your mouth, and find conditions there perfect for breeding. If teeth are not brushed and flossed on a regular basis then a filmy bacteria laden substance called plaque builds up on the teeth, which will eventually cause tooth decay and even gum disease.

Plaque thrives on sugars and starches found in most food combining with it to create acid which attacks tooth enamel. According to studies by the American Dental Association, this acid attacks the enamel for twenty minutes or longer after eating. So eating food with the minimal amount of sugar and starch can help protect your teeth. This may sound easier than it actually is however, as fruits, milk, bread, vegetables and many other foods contain starch.

The best way to protect against starchy foods is to drink plenty of water, brush your teeth twice a day and floss, which will limit the impact of starch and plaque. Try to avoid food that is unnecessarily sugary such as soft drinks which have high content of carbon dioxide.

There are some foods which can be good for the teeth. Nuts, which are rich in magnesium, and any food containing calcium (dairy products) can all help promote strong teeth.  Goma dental will be able to provide you with further information about which foods to eat and which to avoid.


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