Himachal Dental

Link Between Periodontal Disease and Prostatitis

Posted in Dental News by UK Dental Tourism on April 29, 2010

Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine and University Hospitals Case Medical Center report initial results from a small sample that inflammation from gum disease and prostate problems just might be linked. They discuss their new evidence in the Journal of Periodontology, the official journal of the American Academy of Periodontology.

The researchers compared two markers: the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) used to measure inflammation levels in prostate disease, and clinical attachment level (CAL) of the gums and teeth, which can be an indicator for periodontitis.

A PSA elevation of 4.0 ng/ml in the blood can be a sign of inflammation or malignancy. Patients with healthy prostate glands have lower than 4.0ng/ml levels. A CAL number greater than 2.7 mm indicates periodontitis.

Like prostatitis, periodontitis also produces high inflammation levels.

“Subjects with both high CAL levels and moderate to severe prostatitis have higher levels of PSA or inflammation,” This might explain why PSA levels can be high in prostatitis, but sometimes cannot be explained by what is happening in the prostate glands.

“It is something outside the prostate gland that is causing an inflammatory reaction,” he said.

Because periodontitis has been linked to heart disease, diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis, the researchers felt a link might exist to prostate disease.

Thirty-five men from a sample of 150 patients qualified for the study, funded by the department of periodontology at the dental school. The participants were selected from patients at the University Hospitals Case Medical Center with mild to severe prostatitis, who had undergone needle biopsies and were found to have inflammation and in some patients, malignancies.

The participants were divided into two groups: those with high PSA levels for moderate or severe prostatitis or a malignancy and those with PSA levels below 4 ng/ml. All had not had dental work done for at least three months and were given an examination to measure the gum health.

Looking at the results, the researchers from the dental school and the department of urology and the Institute of Pathology at the hospital found those with the most severe form of the prostatitis also showed signs for periodontitis  – ScienceDaily (Apr. 28, 2010)

Relation Between Diabetes and Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Posted in Gum Surgery by UK Dental Tourism on April 27, 2010
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If you suffer from diabetes then you need to take extra care in your oral hygiene program . The fact that diabetics have a lower immune system is also something they need to address. Infections are more easily contracted by a diabetic, and as diabetes is a blood related disease it is especially important that the gums are kept healthy and cut free. It is now known through research that oral cuts caused by soft and infected gums, are a major gateway of bacteria based infections in the blood stream. Diabetics have enough problems keeping their sugar and fat levels down to a bare minimum, that they really don’t need to have more problems through a bad oral hygiene program.

At the first sign of an infection a diabetic should get a dentist to investigate the problem, it is so important that antibiotics are given early to bring down the infection and keep the swelling to a minimum. Your dentist is there to help you with your diabetes and gum disease problems, as well as your doctor. The way your dentist will help you is by keeping an extra eye on your gums, and by advising you through the dental hygiene nurse and those 6 monthly check ups. Diabetes comes in 2 forms which are type 1 and type 2, type 2 is generally kept under control by diet and /or tablets, but it is type 1 that will concern your dentist more as this one is controlled by insulin injections, diet and tablets. Type 1 diabetics are more prone to gum disease, and that can advance into Gingivitis which will eat away the gum line quite quickly. A diabetic’s immune system cannot keep getting antibiotics as the system will become immune to them, so it is so much more important that type 1 sufferers in particular follow an extra carefully planned oral hygiene regime.

Diabetes that is not properly controlled can lead to periodontal (gum) diseases in both young and old people. Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums and bone that hold the teeth in place.Because of blood vessel changes that occur with diabetes, the thickened blood vessels can impair the efficiency of the flow of nutrients and removal of wastes from body tissues. This impaired blood flow can weaken the gums and bone, making them more susceptible to infection.In addition, if diabetes is poorly controlled, higher glucose levels in the mouth fluids will encourage the growth of bacteria that can cause gum disease.A third factor, smoking, is harmful to oral health even for people without diabetes. However, a person with diabetes who smokes is at a much greater risk for gum disease than a person who does not have diabetes.Paired with poor oral hygiene, diabetes can lead to gingivitis, the first stage of periodontal disease, or to periodontitis, severe gum disease.

Specific treatment for periodontal disease will be determined by your dentist based on:

* your age, overall health, and medical history
* extent of the disease
* your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
* expectations for the course of the disease
* your opinion or preference

Treatment may include any, or a combination of, the following:

* plaque removal
Deep cleaning can help remove the plaque and infected tissue in the early stages of the disease, while smoothing the damaged root surfaces of the teeth. The gums can then be reattached to the teeth.

* medication

* surgery
When the disease is advanced, the infected areas under the gums will be cleaned, and the tissues will then be reshaped or replaced. Types of surgeries include:

o pocket reduction
o a regeneration procedure
o a soft-tissue graft
o crown lengthening

* dental implants

Proper care of your teeth and gums can go a long way in preventing the onset of oral problems associated with diabetes.For more information call GomaDental at 177-645-0704

Most Realistic Substitute For A Real Tooth

There are several options available to replace missing teeth. Some patients opt to have a partial denture, others choose to have a fixed dental bridge. Both dental bridges  and dentures have their advantages, most notably that they are both relatively affordable. However, they both also suffer from a degree of impermanency and are at times prone to breaking. Some patients are looking for a dental substitute with a greater degree of solidity. This is one of the reasons why dental implants are becoming the option of choice for patients to replace missing teeth.

A missing tooth can be the source of embarrassment. It can make people reluctant to smile for fear of exposing what is a very visible flaw. Missing teeth can also be damaging for your dental health. The hollows left by missing teeth can be breeding grounds for decay-causing bacteria. Gaps in the teeth can also encourage existing teeth to lean, causing painful interruptions in the bite, which could even cause the painful jaw disorder TMJ. Missing teeth can also be the cause of facial tissue sinking and loss of profile. For these reasons it is important to replace the missing tooth as soon as possible and a dental implant is the most secure method of doing just that.

A dental implant takes the form of a tapered cylindrical screw that is anchored into the jawbone. This acts as a solid base for a post and artificial tooth, or crown, to be attached. They work particularly well for patients who have strong and healthy jawbones and teeth. Because they are so solid dental implants do not prohibit the eating of certain foods that other dental substitutes can. Neither do dental implants require any kind of messy dental bonding or adhesives.

A dental implant will take two or three sessions to fix. There will need to be a two or three-week wait after the screw has been implanted to allow the screw and the bone to fuse in a process called osseointergration. On subsequent visits the dentist will attach the post and crown.

A dental implant is the most realistic substitute for a real tooth. Many patients opt for implants, despite the extra cost, because of the feeling of security and permanency they provide. If you have a missing tooth, or are considering changing an existing artificial dental appliance, visit a dentist and ask about dental implants.

Dental Crowns Can Protect Damaged Teeth

Posted in Cosmetic Dentistry,Dental Emergencies by UK Dental Tourism on April 24, 2010

Teeth can be damaged in many ways. Chips, cracks and breaks can occur as the result of sporting injury, motor vehicle accidents or from any other kind of head trauma. Broken teeth can be very painful and also expose the sensitive inside parts of the tooth to the risk of infection and disease. Teeth can also be damaged by dental decay and enamel erosion. This again leaves them vulnerable to attack from disease, which could eventually lead to tooth loss. When teeth are damaged in this way it is necessary to protect them from further injury and also to restore the cosmetic appearance.

One of the oldest and most effective ways of protecting teeth is to fit a dental crown over the top. A dental crown is a ceramic or metal and ceramic cap that is designed to fit over the damaged tooth, covering all parts of the tooth above the gum line to act as a barrier to further damage. A  dentist will first need to remove some of the existing enamel so that the crown can fit comfortably over the top. The crown, which will have been made in laboratory conditions to be the same size and shape as the original tooth, will then be cemented over the top using composite bonding.

Crowns are made from metal and ceramic as these are very versatile and strong materials. Ceramics such as porcelain also have a very similar appearance to tooth enamel, giving an improved aesthetic appearance. Once firmly in place the crown will perform all the functions of the original tooth.Crowns are also used after certain dental surgeries and treatments to add a dimension of protection to the teeth.

Dental crowns are commonly manufactured from porcelain, a type of ceramic with a similar consistency and appearance to tooth enamel. Modern crowns are increasingly fabricated using the latest computer-aided technology.CEREC technology now have revolutionized dental restorations.CEREC is a state-of-the-art dental restoration product that has allowed dentists to use computer-aided technology to produce ceramic inlays and crowns. Utilizing new technologies such as 3D imaging, digital x-rays and CAD/CAM, CEREC has allowed teeth restorations to be carried out in only a single visit to a  dentist rather than taking several appointments.CEREC works by creating a digital three-dimensional image of the patient’s mouth that can be stored on a computer.
CEREC technology also limits the need for enamel removal because of the increased degrees of accuracy involved using computer-guided technology.

CEREC is most commonly used to manufacture dental crowns and filling inlays to repair teeth that have been damaged by dental trauma or tooth decay. The ceramic restorations are firmly secured to the teeth with composite resin bonding creating a solid and resilient shield against any further damage to the damaged tooth.Dental crowns are very versatile and useful dental tools that can prevent the need for further treatment. Patients with damaged teeth should make an appointment with a  dentist to discuss the benefits of dental crowns.

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