Himachal Dental


Gingival Depigmentation for Esthetics

Brown or dark pigmentation and discoloration of gingival tissue, whether psychological or pathological, can be caused by variety of systemic or local causes. Frequently gingival hyperpigmentation is caused by excessive melanin deposition mainly located in the basal and suprabasal cell layers of epithelium.
Gingival depigmentation is a periodontal plastic surgical procedure where the gingival hyperpigmentation is removed or reduced by various techniques. The first and foremost indication for depigmentation is patient demand for improved esthetics.
Different techniques employed for Gingival depigmentation
Surgical Methods aimed at removing the pigment layer
     Scalpel surgical technique
     Cryosurgery
     Electrosurgery
     Lasers (Nd;YAG,CO2 lasers)
Methods aimed at masking the depigmented gingival with grafts from less pigmented areas
     Free Gingival Grafts
     Acellular Dermal Matrix Grafts

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